What is ORCID?

Video introduction to ORCID
Source: ORCID (2014): What is ORCID?, URL: https://vimeo.com/97150912 [Last accessed: 05.04.2019]

ORCID® provides a persistent identifier – the ORCID iD – that distinguishes you from other researchers and a mechanism for linking your research outputs and activities to your iD. Learn more at orcid.org.

ORCID is an internationally recognized, non-profit organization founded on open principles that provides a directory of persistent IDs for researchers. In addition, ORCID supports you in merging your professional activities such as peer review activities and memberships in professional societies (partly automated) into your  ORCID record.

As a founding member of the German ORCID consortium, GFZ supports the use of the ORCID iD and enables you to link your GFZ profile under MyProfile with an  ORCID iD.

Why does the GFZ collect my ORCID iD?

The GFZ is collecting your ORCID iD so we can clearly assign your publications in our publication database GFZpublic. When clicking the "Authorize" button, you will be asked to share your iD using an authenticated process - either by registering for an ORCID iD or, if you already have one, by signing in to your ORCID account - and then granting us permission to get your ORCID iD. We do this to ensure that you are correctly identified and securely connected to your ORCID iD.

Learn more about "What's so special about signing in".

Why does the GFZ display my ORCID iD?

The ORCID iD-Icon next to your name on the GFZ website confirms that you alone have used your ORCID iD and that it has been authenticated. This makes it publicly visible that you are really the person who is linked to this ORCID iD and its associated works.

See "What's so special about signing in?"

(The display of the ORCID iD will be implemented step by step in different places.)

I have already entered my ORCID iD in MyProfile before. Why do I have to authenticate again?

To make sure that there were no typos when entering the ORCID iD and that you are really the person behind your ORCID iD, it is necessary that you log in (authenticate) with your ORCID iD once.

See "What' so special about signing in?"

What distinguishes the ORCID iD from other IDs?

In contrast to proprietary author IDs such as ResearcherID-Publons (Clarivate Analytics) and Scopus Author ID (Elsevier), the ORCID iD is an open ID that was initiated by a non-profit organization (ORCID).

ORCID is a member-funded organization with over 1000 institutional members worldwide (universities, non-university research institutions, research funders and publishers). These members, including the GFZ, implement ORCID in their systems so that their researchers can directly benefit from the ORCID advantages (e. g. prefilled forms). In contrast to its proprietary counterparts, the ORCID iD is system-wide compatible (e. g. for publishers, scientific institutions, research funders) and thus an ID for many applications. In addition, the ORCID iD can be linked to the ResearcherID-Publons (Tutorial) and Scopus Author ID (Tutorial).

What are the Advantages of the ORCID iD for me?

Advantages for Publishing

  • The registration is free of charge and the allocation does not depend on publishing products.
  • Unique assignment of own publications independent of name frequency or different spelling variants of the name
  • Lifelong validity of the ORCID iD, also in case of name change, change of employer or research field
  • The ORCID iD is independent of publication form and media type.
  • A privacy setting allows you to adjust the visibility of each entry.
  • Saves time as form fields are prefilled with information stored in the ORCID record when submitting manuscripts.
  • Up-to-date overview of all own publications thanks to synchronization with international databases (Web of Science, Scopus ...)
  • Time saving through automatic updating of the publication list, if it is approved for "Trusted Parties" (e. g. own research institution, CrossRef, DataCite etc.)
  • If you specify an ORCID iD in your publications and this is transferred to the bibliographic data of literature databases, all the publications you have published will be found during a literature search and actually attributed to you. In addition, you make sure that all publications in the database are included in the calculation of bibliometric indicators such as citation numbers or h-index.

 Advantages for Research Funding

  • Presentation of your research performance at a glance
  • Easier communication with funders when your ORCID iD is stated in applications and research reports

Advantages in Everyday Scientific Life

  • Use your ORCID iD at conferences, in email traffic and scientific communication: Clear presentation of all professional achievements in your ORCID record - from text, research data and research software publications to affiliations, educational qualifications, memberships in professional societies and review activities.

What Rights do I have?

You decide which information of your ORCID record should be visible to whom and thus retain full control. Only your ORCID iD is always publicly visible.

Decide for yourself who - as a trusted organization or person (e.g. your own research institution, CrossRef, DataCite, publishers, etc.) - receives rights to access your ORCID record and update your data. Once assigned, rights can be modified or revoked at any time (see Data Protection).

Data Protection

A legal review commissioned by the ORCID DE project has examined data protection aspects of ORCID with the following conclusion:

How do I get my Data into the ORCID Directory?

  • When you register with  ORCID (https://orcid.org/register/), you will automatically be assigned an ORCID iD free of charge.
    If you are not sure if you already have an ORCID iD, you can search the directory for your name first.
  • When registering, enter all the spellings of your name. Also remember your birth name if necessary.
  • Add so-called "Trusted Parties" (e. g. your own research institution, CrossRef, DataCite, publishers, etc.) to enable data exchange between platforms and your record. Doing so new publications will be automatically added to your ORCID record without you or your institution having manually enter them into your ORCID record.
  • For everyday use: The more information you add to your ORCID record, the easier it will be to communicate with the ORCID iD!

Where and when do I use my ORCID iD?

You can use your ORCID iD in all your scientific activities, including

  • when communicating with publishers (e. g. submitting a manuscript)
  • in contact with funding bodies (e. g. submission of an application for funding)
  • when signing in on internal and external systems (e. g. own research institution, CrossRef, DataCite, etc.)

ORCID in the State of Brandenburg

The use of ORCID is recommended in the Open Access Strategy of the State of Brandenburg:

„Researchers in the state of Brandenburg are encouraged to use author identifiers in order to clearly link themselves and their publications and thus increase the visibility of their results. We highly recommend the Open Researcher and Contributor iD (ORCiD), which - when integrated into their systems - enables libraries to support researchers.“

ORCID in Germany

Since 2016, the German Research Foundation (DFG) has supported the dissemination of ORCID in Germany with the three-year project "ORCID DE - Promotion of Open Researcher and Contributor ID in Germany" (project application: DOI 10.2312/lis.16.01).

The project aims to provide organisational, legal and technical support for the implementation of the ORCID iD at universities and non-university research institutions in Germany. In particular, ORCID iD should be introduced in Open Access repositories and Open Access publication services. Another goal of the project is the integration of the ORCID iD with the Integrated Authority File (GND) and thus the integration of ORCID into library systems for author identification. A legal review on data protection at ORCID commissioned by the ORCID DE project partners has already been published.

Project partners of ORCID DE are the Helmholtz Open Science Office at the Helmholtz Centre Potsdam GFZ German Research Centre for Geosciences, the German National Library and the Bielefeld University Library. The project was initiated by the German Initiative for Networked Information (DINI).

Many thanks to the University Library of the TUM, from which we have partly taken over information about ORCID (https://www.ub.tum.de/en/orcid).

I have further questions ...

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